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Expert Article - The Cultural and Spiritual Significance of Water: A Perspective

Cultural and Spiritual Significance of Water

P. Manideep, T. Aarti, M. Madhumala, S. Sridhar

Membrane Separations Laboratory, Process Engineering and Technology Transfer Division,

CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, India-500007



Water is one of the most fundamental and ubiquitous elements on our planet and its significance extends far beyond its physical properties. Throughout history, water has been revered and worshiped as a symbol of purity, fertility, and renewal, and its cultural and spiritual significance is evident in many varied belief systems. Whether used in purification rituals or associated with the forces of life and death, water holds a special place in human consciousness and continues to be an important symbol in various spiritual and religious practices today.


Culturally, water is a manifestation of its deep connection with spirituality in various cultures and traditions. ‘Cultural’ water is considered to be sacred because it is allied to creation stories and spiritual beliefs. It can originate from various sources such as rivers, lakes, springs, or wells, and its significance is often tied to its location or history. Rivers hold significance in many cultures, such as the Nile River in ancient Egypt and the Ganges River in India. These rivers are often considered to be sacred because they are seen as the lifeblood of the land, providing water for agriculture and supporting local communities. Holy wells and springs are also considered to be significant water sources in many cultures, particularly in Europe and the Celtic regions. These wells are often associated with legends and myths and are seen as places of spiritual power and healing. In addition to natural sources of water, cultural water can also be created through human action. For example, in some cultures, water is considered to be sacred after it has been blessed or consecrated in a religious ceremony.


In many cultures, water is seen as a symbol of purification and cleansing. This is why it is commonly used in purification rituals across many religions worldwide. In Hinduism, water from ‘Holy’ rivers is considered to be sacred and believed to have healing powers. Drinking water from these rivers is said to cause physical and spiritual benefits to those partaking it. Bathing in such rivers is considered a purification rite that washes away sins and offers spiritual renewal. Likewise, Buddhism believes that drinking or pouring water over a statue of the Buddha is seen as a way to purify the mind and soul.


Water is considered sacred and plays an important role in spiritual rituals and is also associated with the forces of life and death. In many cultures, it is believed that the journey of the soul begins at birth and ends in water. This is why many cultures perform water-based rituals at the beginning of life and during death. In Hinduism, the river Ganges is believed to be a pathway to the afterlife, and the act of immersing the ashes of the deceased in its waters is considered a means of purifying the soul and releasing it from the cycle of reincarnation. This rite is considered to be a crucial step in the spiritual journey and is said to bring the person closer to God. Moreover, the practice of Ayurveda utilizes water in various forms, such as herbal decoctions and oil massages, to promote physical and mental well-being.


In conclusion, water holds significant cultural and spiritual importance in many heritages and beliefs. Its symbolic significance as a symbol of purity, fertility, and renewal has been recognized for centuries, and its ritualistic and healing uses continue to play an important role in various spiritual and religious practices today. Whether it is used in rituals or ceremonies, or simply consumed as a symbol of spiritual renewal, it is a symbol of hope and a reminder of the transformative power of the divine. In addition, using ‘spiritual’ water can also serve as a means of reinforcing cultural identity and community bonds. For instance, visiting a sacred well or river and participating in rituals associated with it can serve as a way of connecting with one's heritage and community.


CSIR-IICT Hyderabad, a scientific organization has been working to provide clean and safe water to millions of people including school children through its membrane-based technologies. The membrane team led by Dr. S. Sridhar, Chief Scientist has carried out our R&D activities at CSIR-IICT over the past two and half decades, to promote water conservation, water purification in fluoride and flood affected villages, clarification and disinfection of surface water from rivers, ponds and lakes, domestic and industrial wastewater treatment to recycle water, production of drinking water from relative humidity available in the atmosphere in remote regions, generation of medical grade water for treating dialysis patients, and alkaline ionized water for a healthy life. These efforts have enabled upholding the spiritual significance of water as a lifesaver and a highly valuable entity.



People consuming safe drinking water from membrane based water purification systems at Vatipally Village, Nalgonda (Left) and Free water camps, NGRI metro railway station, Hyderabad (Right)






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